Methods / Art Terms
A print is a paradox. There is usually more than one of the same image,
but each is an original. A print is not a reproduction. A print is very
time consuming to produce; and the process is complicated. The artist must
draw the images, either directly onto the plates themselves or onto paper.
The images are then transferred to the plates, either by hand or by
photography. Then the images on the plates are transferred to paper
through vaiious printing processes. Many artists make prints because they
like [he complex process. The indirectness of printmaking is also a
metaphor for the complexity of the artist's thought. Another appeal
for the artist is the democracy inherent in printmaking. The print retains
originality, but, because it is a multiple, the various images can be
viewed simultaneously in different parts of the world.
RELIEF PRINTING: Woodcuts, Wood Engravings, Iinocuts. Woodcuts are
printed from blocks whose surfaces run parallel with the grain. The
resistance of the grain to cutting makes detail difficult to achieve. With
softer woods, the grain pattern itself is often visible and incorporated
into the composition.
INTAGLIO: Engraving, Drypoint, Mezzotint, Etching, Photo-Etching,
Aquatint, Collographs. Aquatint is an etching process that creates values
ranging from light to dark. The plate is first dusted with varying
densities of an acid-resisting powder called rosin, heated to glue
consistency, and then put into the acid both which
etches around each particle.
SERIGRAPHY. Silkscreens are sophisticated stencils used to
make screen prints.
MONOTYPES: Piints that have an edition of one.
SIGNING AND NUMBERING:Contemporary printmakers usually sign their
prints with pencil in the lower right margin. In the lower-left margin,
the size of the edition and the number of the particular proof are
indicated. The notation A/P stands [or "artist's proof." This
indicates that the print is not part of the edition.
ABSTRACT EXPRESSIONISM: A style of nonrepresentational visual
configuration that combines abstract form with the artist's outward
emotional expression. Recognized in New York in the I950s, the style
become an international development.